Traffic Law: Speeding & Traffic Citations
Citations or traffic tickets are issued in the State of Ohio for various violations of traffic law. Citations generally indicate the statute or code number of the violation, and explain how and when to pay the fine or respond to the ticket. You must respond to a citation, usually by paying a fine or appearing in court, or else a warrant may be issued for your arrest and your driver's license may be suspended.
TYPES OF VIOLATIONS
Most traffic tickets in Ohio are issued for what are sometimes called "strict-liability" offenses. In these cases, the only thing required to convict a person of the offense is proof that they committed the act, regardless of any criminal intent. Examples of strict-liability offenses include:
- Overdue parking meters
- Not using turn signals
- Parking in a handicapped zone without authorization
MOVING VS. NON-MOVING VIOLATIONS
Violations are also classified by whether or not the vehicle was in motion at the type of the incident, and traffic tickets may therefore be for either moving or non-moving violations. Examples of moving violations include:
- Speeding or driving below the minimum speed
- Running a stop sign or red light
- Driving without a seat belt
- Drunk Driving (OVI or DUI)
- Non-Moving violations include: Parking in a handicapped zone or other illegal parking
- Driving with an invalid vehicle registration
- Having expired or missing license plates
- Leaving a vehicle unattended and running
The majority of traffic violations in Ohio are classified as infractions, which require paying a fine up to $500. More serious offenses carry higher fines and/or imprisonment. The cost of your violation depends on the municipality you were in when you committed the offense. Some Municipalities list the fine information online, for others you will need to call to number given on the ticket to find out the fine.
YOUR OPTIONS WHEN YOU RECEIVE A CITATION
Many citations do not require a court appearance, and you may admit guilt by paying the ticket directly. The citation will indicate how and by what date to pay the fine. You can either pay the fine in person or mail the amount by check/money order to the address given on your ticket. Some towns also allow you to pay online. The nature of your violation will indicate whether you have to appear in court or not. This will be mentioned on your ticket itself. If this is the case, you will have to go to court. The option to pay is not available to you. If you are unable to attend court on the date listed, you will need to inform the court. You must appear in court personally on the scheduled date, and enter a "not guilty", "guilty" or "no contest" plea. If you plead guilty, a verdict will be announced. If you plead "no contest" you will have an opportunity to explain your version of the events to the judge or give more information, after which he will pass the judgment. If you plead "not guilty" a court date will be set. While you may be able to negotiate with the prosecuting attorney, a trial will be scheduled if no agreement is reached. A trial gives you an opportunity to fight the traffic ticket in front of a judge or jury, and most people prefer to hire a traffic ticket attorney to defend them in court.
THE IMPLICATIONS OF BEING FOUND GUILTY
When you pay a ticket directly, you are essentially pleading guilty to a traffic offense, which carries the same consequences as being found guilty of the violation in court. Motorists who either plead guilty directly or are found guilty of an offense should be aware of the following possible consequences: Certain traffic offenses, including speeding and other moving violations, are automatically reported to the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles. Ohio routinely provides information concerning traffic ticket convictions to other states.
The Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles follows a point system to track violations and their corresponding penalties. Points are added to your driving record which could result in your license being suspended. For more information, see our Point System section.
Ohio drivers that accumulate points on their driving record are often subject to higher car insurance premiums.
WHAT TO DO ABOUT TRAFFIC TICKET CONVICTIONS
One of the best ways to reduce the negative implications of traffic violations is to drive safely and not commit any additional offenses. Points on your Ohio license will be reduced, and your driving record may eventually be cleared if you remain free of any additional violations. Smart drivers often choose to take a defensive driving course or traffic school course in order to reduce the points on their license more quickly. Taking a defensive driving course can also help lower the car insurance premiums of drivers whose rates increased following one or more traffic ticket convictions. Some drivers prefer to obtain a new quote for car insurance following a traffic ticket conviction, since often more competitive rates and coverage may be available.
Jeffrey G. Edleman
Attorney At Law
260 S. Main St., Suite 108
Amherst, OH 44001
T: (440) 823-4077
F: (440) 984-3338